Brazil is not yet a player in the Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) sector, although it is one of the high potential countries for the development of this technology, not only because of its solar resource. The largest country in South America seeks partnerships for research and development, aiming at capacity building in the domestic industry. To support the renewable energy generation in the Brazilian energy sector , the main goal is to create international cooperation and develop an untapped market. Brazil offers good conditions for international companies and researchers that are interested in building strong partnerships for the development of CSP technologies.
A CSP plant reaches its high efficiencies when installed in dry regions with low incidence of clouds, high levels of solar radiation and flat terrain. Brazil is a country with rich potential, especially when considering its Northeastern region, offering excellent weather conditions for the deployment of CSP plants. In that region, the industrial sector still lacks opportunities to grow and, therefore, the project execution could be highlighted as an opportunity to develop regional industry, creating employment for the population.
As Concentrating Solar Power is still a technology in state of development in Brazil and in the world it provides several opportunities for industrial innovation. Although countries such as Germany, Spain and the United States are leaders in CSP technology, Brazil has the potential to find a place among world leaders. Thus, Brazilian researchers are taking the first steps to adapt the technology and exchange knowledge through international projects. The industrial sector is discovering the innovative potential of the technology and Brazilian companies are beginning to address resources to the development of this market.
In 2013, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI) launched the first research announcement in Concentrating Solar Power; and today there are ongoing researches at several universities in the Federal District and in seven states: Santa Catarina, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraíba, Pernambuco and Ceará.
Another call for research projects launched by the Brazilian-German Cooperation also selected three projects in cooperation between Brazilian and German institutes. The program New Integrated Partnerships (i-NOPA) is the result of association between the Brazilian Higher Education Personnel Training Coordination (CAPES), the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and aims not only to support scientific exchange between Brazilian and German research groups, but basically the application of the research results by involving potential industrial users right from the start.